Mining inevitably disturbs land. Modern mines reclaim the surface during and after mining is completed, returning the land to useful purposes. Reclaimed mine lands are often more attractive to wildlife and human uses than before mining started.
To him, all land has value, and his research efforts focus on bringing a highly productive life back to damaged land with a crop that can be used as an alternative fuel source. Hall's research is taking place on a "reclaimed" strip mine in Clearfield County, near the Centre County borough of Philipsburg. The property had been deep mined about 50 years ago and then strip mined in the mids.
Strip miningremoval of soil and rock overburden above a layer or seam particularly coalfollowed by the removal of the exposed mineral. The common strip-mining techniques are classified as area mining or contour mining on the basis of the deposit geometry and type. The cycle of operations for both techniques consists of vegetation clearing, soil removal, drilling and blasting of overburden if neededstripping, removal of the coal or other mineral commodity, and reclamation.
Jump to navigation. The Twilight mine, which flattened and stripped an expanse of heavily-forested mountains covering more than 3. It is green with grass.
Mine reclamation is the process of restoring land that has been mined to a natural or economically usable state. Although the process of mine reclamation occurs once mining is completed, the planning of mine reclamation activities occurs prior to a mine being permitted or started. Mine reclamation creates useful landscapes that meet a variety of goals ranging from the restoration of productive ecosystems to the creation of industrial and municipal resources.
Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. Surface coal mines prior to in the USA were generally left without any reclamation. As government regulations advanced since then, mine operators were required to backfill the area and plant grasses or trees.
As we mark 40 years with the federal coal strip mine act, there has never been a more crucial moment for its promise—that every acre of land mined for coal will be reclaimed—to be fulfilled. The strip mine act governs coal mining and reclamation operations nationwide. SMCRA protects the water, land, and air for mine neighbors and the public in coal communities.
Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. Many of the newest surface mines in the USA, at that time, were in the western portion of the nation. Individual states developed statewide programs that met or exceeded the requirements of SMCRA and, thus, obtained primacy over coal mine mining and reclamation within their boundaries as long as those regulatory conditions were maintained. Much information has been learned on the reclamation side of SMCRA, its regulations and state programs since its passage.
Department of the Interior. Land that was once considered dangerous and unwelcoming is finding new purpose through innovative reclamation projects. OSMRE partners with state and tribal governments, community groups and mining companies to protect the public from mining-related hazards.
Lorena Butte mine, near Goldendale, extracting cinder and basalt. If you would like to review a Surface Mine Reclamation Permit file, please contact Public Disclosure at publicdisclosure dnr. Surface mining reclamation restores vegetation, soil stability, and proper water conditions after mining. Each site will be completed differently depending on the future use and reclamation law.