All women secrete moisture and mucus from the membranes that line the vagina and cervix. This discharge is clear or slightly milky and may be somewhat slippery or clumpy. When dry, it may be yellowish.
Most women experience minor vaginal problems from time to time. These problems can be related to menstrual cycles, sex, infection, birth control methods, aging, medicines, or changes after pregnancy. A change in your normal vaginal discharge may be the first sign of a vaginal problem.
Vaginal infections are the most common gynecologic disorder. Many of the agents that cause vaginal infections are normally found in the vagina in small numbers. The normal vaginal flora generally keeps the agents from overgrowing.
A vaginal yeast infection is a type of vaginitis — inflammation of the vagina — characterized by vaginal irritation, intense itchiness and vaginal discharge. A vaginal yeast infection affects your vagina and the tissues at the opening to your vagina vulva. Vaginal yeast infection — also called vaginal candidiasis — is very common.
A rash in your vaginal area vulva may be caused by irritation of the skin from many sources, such as clothes rubbing against the skin. Rashes that occur without other symptoms are usually minor and often go away with home treatment. A common cause of a rash is contact with a substance that causes irritation or an allergic reaction contact dermatitis.
The range of conditions that can cause vulvovaginitis is large and includes infective and non-infective causes. Although Candida albicans is a common infective cause, it is essential to consider other diagnoses. A diagnosis should be made from the clinical presentation, history, bacteriology and in some cases histopathology, before starting treatment.
Updated by Dr Jannet Gomez, April Vaginal discharge is a normal process which keeps the mucosal lining of the vagina moist. The amount of vaginal discharge varies according to the menstrual cycle and arousal and is clear and stringy in the first half of the cycle and whitish and sticky after ovulation.
Summary: All humans are colonized with Candida species, mostly Candida albicansyet some develop diseases due to Candidaamong which genitourinary manifestations are extremely common. The forms of genitourinary candidiasis are distinct from each other and affect different populations. While vulvovaginal candidiasis affects mostly healthy women, candiduria occurs typically in elderly, hospitalized, or immunocompromised patients and in neonates. Despite its high incidence and clinical relevance, genitourinary candidiasis is understudied, and therefore, important questions about pathogenesis and treatment guidelines remain to be resolved.
Our Health Information Line receives calls and emails from women on a broad range of health issues. This regular column features answers to some of the most commonly asked questions. Vaginal thrush is caused by the overgrowth of yeast-like fungi, called Candida, that are found naturally in the vagina.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis VVC is a common cause of irritative lower genital tract symptoms in women. The normal vaginal flora is characterized by a predominance of hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli. These microorganisms by virtue of secreting both lactic acid and H2O2 are important in maintaining a normal bacterial ecology in the vagina.