LGBT history dates back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality of ancient civilizationsinvolving the history of lesbiangaybisexual and transgender LGBT peoples and cultures around the world. What survives after many centuries of persecution—resulting in shame, suppression, and secrecy—has only in more recent decades been pursued and interwoven into more mainstream historical narratives. This observance involves highlighting the history of the people, LGBT rights and related civil rights movements.
Gay rights movementalso called homosexual rights movement or gay liberation movementcivil rights movement that advocates equal rights for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transsexuals; seeks to eliminate sodomy laws barring homosexual acts between consenting adults; and calls for an end to discrimination against gay men and lesbians in employment, credit lending, housing, public accommodations, and other areas of life. Religious admonitions against sexual relations between same-sex individuals particularly men long stigmatized such behaviour, but most legal codes in Europe were silent on the subject of homosexuality. Beginning in the 16th century, lawmakers in Britain began to categorize homosexual behaviour as criminal rather than simply immoral.
Protesters took to the streets in the aftermath of the Stonewall riots in lower Manhattan in the summer of Stonewall marked a turning point in the gay rights movement. Date June 27, July 1,
Winnipeg Gay Pride March As history has shown, the social movements of the s resulted in few lasting gains for those trying to change society. Martins Press, that only a few decades ago things were very different for gay men and lesbians:. At the end of the s, homosexual sex was illegal in every [U.
Late in the [19th] century, as large cities allowed for greater anonymity, as wage labor apart from family became common, and as more women were drawn out of the home, evidence of a new pattern of homosexual expression surfaced. At first, these individuals developed ways of meeting one another and institutions to foster a sense of identity. World War II served as a critical divide in the social history of homosexuality.
The story is well known : A routine police raid of a mafia-owned gay bar in New York City sparked three nights of riots and, with them, the global gay rights movement. What was different about Stonewall was that gay activists around the country were prepared to commemorate it publicly. Those nationally coordinated activist commemorations were evidence of an LGBTQ movement that had rapidly grown in strength during the s, not a movement sparked by a single riot.
Over the next week two additional riots broke out in the neighborhood in protest. The uprisings ignited a new atmosphere of militant gay liberation. Like the homophile movement, these new organizations sought to end discrimination against gays and lesbians.
InThomas Jefferson proposed a law that would mandate castration for gay men and mutilation of nose cartilage for gay women. But that's not the scary part. Here's the scary part: Jefferson was considered a liberal.
CNN Here is some background information about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender milestones in the United States. Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds.
This timeline provides information about the gay rights movement in the United States from to the present: including the Stonewall riots; the contributions of Harvey Milk; the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy; the first civil unions; the legalization of same-sex marriage in Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York; and more. Go to International Policies on Same-Sex Marriage for an updated list on which countries have legalized gay marriage. Caffe Cino is credited with starting the Off-Off-Broadway theater movement. Patrons of a gay bar in New York's Greenwich Village, the Stonewall Inn, fight back during a police raid on June 27sparking three days of riots.